Korea has many valuable historic remains showing the long history of the nation, of which the Namgyong Archaeological Remains are sites of houses.
The Namgyong Remains were uncovered in Samsok District, Pyongyang City. They are remains of the primitive and ancient ages.
Uncovered there were five sites of houses of the Neolithic Age, 22 sites of houses of the Bronze Age, tomb of the Bronze Age, pot tombs of the later age and more than 4,000 pieces of relics. Typical of the sites of houses of the Neolithic Age is House Site No. 31. It is a half dugout built after digging earth. It is the largest of the so-far known sites of houses of the Neolithic Age in Korea. A fire-making site was found in the middle of the dugout. Discovered there were 12 grinding stones and a pot used for storing foodgrains. Also found in the sites of houses of the Neolithic Age were more than 600 net weights at a place, stone implements, different kinds of earthenware and charred foxtail millets and acorns.
The sites of houses of the Bronze Age are square dugouts. Found on the floors of the sites were charred wooden boards and reed mats. Among the relics were top-shaped containers, different kinds of stone implements and charred grains. What draws attention is five cereals including paddy found at House Site No. 36. Paddy, bean, foxtail millet, millet and sorghum were mixed with earth within one-metre diameter in the middle of the house site.
The five cereals found in the Namgyong Remains show that agriculture, which took an important place in the production activities of the people of the Neolithic Age, became dominant in the Bronze Age. The Namgyong Remains are of great importance in studying the primitive and ancient culture.