Sixty-seven years have passed since the Korean war. But the US is, still today, struggling to distort the truth of its outbreak.

Then, who started the Korean war?

Drawing of 38th Parallel and US Occupation of South Korea

In August 1945, the Korean People’s Revolutionary Army, in cooperation with the Soviet troops, launched the general offensive to liberate Korea and brought Japan to its knees. The defeat of Japan gave an upset to the US that had dreamt of placing the whole Korean peninsula under its control and using it as a springboard for its strategy of world domination. Unable to realize its wild ambition, the US put forward a so-called “practical solution” for occupying half of the Korean peninsula.

According to an instruction of the then US President Truman, the State-War-Navy Coordinating Committee prepared a draft for the Soviet and US troops to disarm the imperial Japanese army with the 38th parallel of the Korean peninsula as the dividing line. Truman approved it on the spot and ordered to make it as a written document, “General Order No.1”, and inform the Allied Powers of it on August 13. In fact, the 38th parallel as a dividing line in Korea was never the subject of international discussions. It was unilaterally contrived by the US.

According to this order, the advance contingent of the 24th Army Corps of the US arrived at Kimpho Airport on September 4, 1945 and the corps landed in Inchon, Pusan and Mokpho between September 8 and mid-October.

Referring to this, even Americans say: The war of the Wall Street against the Korean people started practically from September 1945 when its generals landed in south Korea.

Military Preparations for War and Armed Provocations on 38th Parallel

The US rigged up and expanded the south Korean puppet army with a view to keeping the balance of forces at a “ratio of ten to one” over the north Korean army and trained it the American way. It also seized its prerogative of supreme command over the puppet army.

From 1945 to 1949, the US offered to south Korea military aid worth over 1 billion dollars. While stepping up the combat readiness of the puppet army, it deployed its reinforced forces in the areas along the 38th parallel. It also newly built or repaired military roads and conducted the work of building positions on a large scale.

At the same time, the US imperialists egged the puppet army on to launch armed provocations against north Korea in the areas along the 38th parallel. Their armed provocations from 1947 to June 1950 numbered over 5,150.

Such provocations were not simple “armed conflicts” but “test wars” committed repeatedly with a focus on the directions of main attack according to military action plans for “northward expedition”.

Fujishima Udai, a Japanese commentator, said as follows on July 4, 1975: The US scheme to unleash a war in Korea did not kick off unexpectedly on June 25, 1950, which is usually called the day of the outbreak of the Korean war. It started from 1947 right after the Second World War.

Outbreak of Korean War

After rounding off war preparations, the US imperialists buckled down to action.

Truman sent Secretary of Defence Johnson, Chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff Bradley and Advisor to the State Department Dulles to Seoul and Tokyo on the pretext of discussing a “peace treaty” with Japan so as to ultimately make sure of the preparations for war against north Korea and take relevant measures.

Dulles arrived in Seoul in mid-June 1950 and made final examination of the war preparations of the puppet army in a trench along the 38th parallel. Giving instructions to ignite a war to Syngman Rhee, he said he came here with Truman’s order to inspect the preparations for a “northward march” with his eyes and kick it off in case everything is OK, adding that there is no need for further delay.

On June 25, 1950, the south Korean puppet army, in combat readiness under the direct command of the American Military Advisory Group, launched a sudden armed invasion of the DPRK all along the 38th parallel.

But the US imperialists suffered an ignominious defeat in the war by the Korean people who turned out in the heroic struggle to firmly defend the destiny of their country and nation.